- Understand the community in which they work.
- Understand themselves in relation to their community.
- Identify the needs and problems of the community and involve them in problem-solving.
- Develop among themselves a sense of social and civic responsibility.
- Utilise their knowledge in finding practical solutions to individual and community problems.
- Develop competence required for group-living and sharing of responsibilities.
- Gain skills in mobilising community participation.
- Acquire leadership qualities and democratic attitudes.
- Develop capacity to meet emergencies and natural disasters and
- Practise national integration and social harmony
2. The Duties and Functions of the NSS Programme Officers/ Coordinators
The NSS Coordinatorof college is one of the important
person in NSS Organization, he/she plays pivotal role and responsible for the organization of NSS
Unit, implementation of NSS Programme under the supervision and direction of Provost and Principal
of the College. He/she will be responsible to carryout the instructions issued by the University
Program Officer, NSS Regional Centre and State Liaison Officer for the implementation of NSS
activities as per the Action Plan given by the Programme Coordinator.
The NSS Coordinator plays the role of an organizer, an
educator, as a motivator, a Coordinator, a supervision, an administrator, and public relation
officer to improve the quality and magnitude of NSS Programmes in their institutions/ colleges.
His/her functions can be stated as under.
- As Aorganiser
- To interpret the scheme to the students / volunteers and other
members of the college community and create awareness about the NSS Programmes.
- To provide information about NSS motto aims and objectives,
philosophy and activities.
- To enlist cooperation and coordination of community, agencies,
government departments and non-governmental agencies.
- To select or adopt the village/slum for service projects on
the basis of utility and feasibility.
- As an Educator
- To prepare and conduct the orientation Programme for NSS
Volunteers, explain them about the concept of social service.
- To prepare and teach them the methods and skills required for
achieving the objectives of the NSS scheme.
- To promote community education through meetings, talks, new
bulletins, discussions etc.
- As a Motivator
- He/she co-ordinate the NSS activities in accordance with the
volunteers ability and community demands.
- He/She to coordinate various external resources available in
the forms of government services, welfare agencies and voluntary organizations for
the success of the NSS Programmes.
- He/She coordinates internal resources available in the form of
teaching expertise of teachers for enhancing the knowledge and skills of the
students in implementation of the NSS scheme.
- As a Supervisor
- He/She supervises the NSS Programme undertaken by Volunteers.
- He/She supervisory and consultative skills should enable
students to set realistic goals and see problems as a challenge and take appropriate
steps to solve them.
- He/She to assist in evaluation and follow-up work.
- As an Administrator
- He/She to keep the principal or Chairman of NSS, College
advisory committee and the programme Coordinator of the University informed of the
University informed of the programmes of the Unit.
- To run day-to-day administration of the programmes.
- To attend correspondence regularly between college and
- To prepare progress report periodically for submission to
college and university.
- To maintain record of volunteers participation and programmes
- To keep accounts and stock in the prescribed forms.
- As a Public Relation Person
- To inform the community about the NSS programmes through press
reports, radio and television programmes.
- To create awareness, through pamphlets, seminars and meetings.
- To initiate to create awareness for image building of NSS in
order to inspire and motivate the NSS Volunteers.
3. Functions and Activities of National Service Scheme (NSS)
NSS volunteers generally work in villages, slums and
voluntary agencies to complete 120 hours of regular activities during an academic year. As per the
fundamental principles of National Service Scheme, a volunteer is expected to remain in constant
touch with the community. Hence, it is of vital importance that a particular village/slum is
selected for implementation of NSS programmes.
As the NSS volunteer is to live with the members of the community during the 7 days Special Camping
Programme and learn from their experience during his/her tenure in NSS, the village/slum should be
carefully selected for adoption by NSS unit.
Adoption of Slums
- Adoption of Villages
- Adoption of a village and area is a very meaningful programme in
NSS. It is far better
to concentrate attention on one village and take up the task for development
perspective, than to fritter away energy in many locations involving too many activities
which may not be completed at all or where the follow up action may not be possible.
From this point of view, village adoption programme should ensure continuity of work
vis-a-vis sustained action, evaluation and follow up work. Contacting Village/Area
- As a first step in this programme, it is necessary to establish
contact with more than one village which would help to select a village where
'Leadership' is well established. In other words, selecting a village with proper
leadership is very important as the sustained follow up action and evaluation is ensured
in such places. To start with, the NSS unit can take the help of the Block Authorities,
District Panchayat Officer, District Tribal Welfare Officer, District Medical Officer,
Extension Officer of Agriculture, Irrigation and Education Departments for the selection
of the village. It is to be noted that the selected villages should be within a short
distance from the college so that constant contact can easily be made.
- Survey of the Village/Area
Before drawing up the plan of action, it is absolutely necessary to conduct a
comprehensive survey of few villages situated at a short distance from the
assistance from the teachers and students of agriculture, economics, commerce,
geography, statistics, home science, social work, medicine, psychology and
etc. have to be sought for the purpose. Conducting socio-economic survey can be
interesting field activity which has direct bearing on the curriculum of
commerce, statistics, psychology, health education etc. The report of such a
provide up-to-date information about the problems and potentials of the village
in programme planning for village development. The applied field work will help
students to increase their analytical ability and deepen their thinking.
will help them to identify the problems which have been left unnoticed. The
can also be accomplished with the help of PRA exercises (Participatory Rural
- Identification of Problem(s)
It is on the basis of this need assessment that projects/programmes are to be
formulated. The programme officers should use their discretion and should
projects which can be completed by seeking assistance from the communities/other
The aim of adoption of village or area is to give new ideas of development to
villagers which would improve their living conditions. Once the trust of the
is won, they start cooperating with the NSS volunteers and approach them for
their problems. One of the important services that can be rendered by NSS
disseminating information about the latest developments in agriculture,
management, wastelands development, nonconventional energy, low cost housing,
sanitation, nutrition and personal hygiene, schemes for skill development,
generation, government schemes such as Swachch Bharat, Ayushman Bharat,
India, Digital India, Beti Bachao and Beti Padhao, Environment and Energy
and Education, legal aid, consumer protection and allied field.
The Programme Officers (PO) should motivate the communities to involve
NSS for the community development work undertaken by the NSS unit. Further he or
will have to seek the help of various government departments and agencies for
advice and financial assistance. Therefore, he/she must establish good rapport
government officials and development agencies. For this, it is better if the
administration is taken into confidence by prior consultations.
- Completion of Projects
As already stated, the Programme Officer must select the projects very carefully as
image of NSS depends upon the successful completion of such projects. Successful
of the projects can win appreciation and credit of the community'
- Evaluation of Project
Every project should be evaluated after its completion by involving members of the
community, Government officials and Panchayat officials. The NSS unit should learn
from the lapses in the execution of the project and plan for the next project
keeping in view the bottlenecks and constraints faced by them during the earlier
Most of the colleges and universities are usually located in the urban areas. Due to long distance
between the college campuses and the villages, the visits to the adopted villages by the NSS
volunteers may become expensive and time consuming. In view of this, it is desirable to adopt slum
especially by colleges located in urban areas.
Coordination with Voluntary Organizations
- Survey of the Slum
For adoption of a slum, there should be composite survey team consisting of students
drawn from faculties like, Arts, Science, Engineering, Medicine, Home Science and
Social Work etc. The selected areas should be compact and should be easily
accessible for students. Areas with acute political conflicts may be avoided.
The issues pertaining to the identification of problems, project planning,
interaction and coordination with the various departmental agencies, execution and
completion of projects shall be undertaken on the same basis/lines as discussed
earlier in the part 'Adoption of Villages'. The progress of projects should also be
- Survey of the Slum
The slum, tenements, Jhuggis and Jhoupris can be adopted by the NSS units with the
aim of slum improvement. Under this, activities like providing water, water logging,
sanitation, electricity, drainage, health and welfare services, life and living
conditions, can be undertaken.
- NSS volunteers for Slum Work
Taking into account the living conditions & status of slum dwellers of the slums,
only highly motivated, adaptable, mature and skilled students should be selected for
Following are the tasks which the students can undertake in slum areas:-
Community Investigators: They can prepare brief community profile on various slums
in the city or town covering different amenities, services, and living conditions
(b) As Community Workers: They can identify local leaders and in
cooperation with them discuss local problems on which cooperative action can be
(c) As Programme Aides: Students can help the local communities' in
launching a number of programmes like setting up a free milk distribution centre,
sanitation drive, recreation, adult lad primary education, health projects like
immunization. first aid centre, child care, nutrition classes, and free legal aid
centres etc. They can also help in forming youth clubs, children's groups, mahila
(d) As Community Organizers: NSS students, after establishing
rapport with the slum dwellers, can form community association to tackle local
problems on a group basis with reliance on local resources, self help and mutual aid
and with some minimum external assistance.
Some suggestions for Selection of slums
(i) There should be a socio-economic
survey of the slum by a team of volunteers drawn from different faculties;
The selected area should be compact. There should not be more than 300 residents in
an adopted slum;
(iii) The community people should be receptive to the ideas of
improving their living standard. They should also be ready to coordinate and involve
in the projects undertaken by the NSS for their upliftment;
(iv) The areas where
political conflicts are likely to arise should be avoided by the NSS units;
The area should be easily accessible to the NSS volunteers to undertake frequent
visits to slums;
(vi) The working in the slum needs commitment and hard work.
Only sensitive and highly motivated NSS volunteers can find easy to serve in slum
It may be noted that the NSS unit has no financial resource to implement any programme in the
adopted villages or slum on its own. Therefore, a successful unit has to closely coordinate with the
government agencies and voluntary organisations working in this field.
- After identification of the needs of the community and the selection
of projects, the programme officer should look for the Government agency or a voluntary
organisation who can assist in the completion of a particular project. The different
departments of the Government like forest, agriculture, adult education, health, child and
family welfare, can render very useful assistance to the project pertaining to community
Voluntary organisations can also help in forming public opinion in favour of NSS
projects. Adult education samitis, Nasha Bandi Boards, Yuva Mandals and Mahila Mandals can
provide additional assistance to the NSS units.
Similarly voluntary land statutory
agencies such as Community Centres, Residential Institutions for children/women, the Aged
and Institutions for physically handicapped and disabled can provide a wide scope of the
choice of service to the NSS volunteers. NSS volunteers can be placed with these agencies
considering the inherent aptitudes and inclinations of NSS volunteers.
be told to develop a sense of belonging and respect for the people with whom they are
Working in close collaboration with these agencies will help the NSS volunteers
understanding the problems of a vulnerable section of the society. The work opportunities in
the welfare institutions may be enumerated as under-
(i) Adoption of welfare
and helping the inmates and staff by arranging outings, fund collection drives, reading and
writing letters for those who are unable to do so;
(ii) propagation of the message of
Swachchta, Digital Literacy, renewable energy etc.
(iii) working for improvement of
(iv) programme of non-formal education and general literacy classes;
organisation of economic development activities;
(vi) establishment of hobby centres and
(vii) assisting in the rehabilitation work of the disabled, destitute etc. In addition,
units and welfare agencies can take up joint community development projects and other
programmes of community welfare land awareness depending on the local needs.
- The NSS Programme Officers should plan activities in the adopted
village or slum in such a way that the leisure time of the NSS volunteers can be utilized in
the service of adopted village or slum. Week-end visits to the adopted areas provide
suitable opportunities to live with the community and know their problems and make an
earnest effort to do something for them. Similarly, efforts should be made to follow up the
work done in the areas earlier. Such sustained efforts will flower into friendship between
the NSS unit and the community. These activities can be arranged through one day camps and
frequent visits under regular activities.